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HODS Race 2014

19 Questions on Organ Donation

1. Does Judaism support live kidney donation?
  •  A. Yes
  •  B. No
  •  C. Yes, but...
2. Does Judaism support live liver donation?

  •  A. Yes
  •  B. No
  •  C. Yes, but...
3. Does Judaism permit organ donation once you have died (deceased donation)?
  •  A. Yes
  •  B. No
  •  C. It depends
4. What is the acceptable and more sensitive word to use when talking about the process of removing organs?
  •  A. Harvest
  •  B. Recover
  •  C. Removal
5. What is the proper term to describe the machine that vents air in and out a patient?s lungs?
  •  A. Respirator
  •  B. Life Support Machine
  •  C. Ventilator
6. Does Judaism require you to be buried whole?
  •  A. Yes
  •  B. No
  •  C. Yes, but not at all costs.
7. Does Judaism require Jews to be buried with all their organs, in order to be to be resurrected?
  •  A. Yes
  •  B. No
8. Can one receive a proper Tahara (ritual water-cleansing before burial) if one donates organs?
  •  A. Yes
  •  B. No
  •  C. It depends
9. What is the main halachic problem with donating organs?
  • A. The body won't be buried whole.
  •  B. The body can not receive a full tahara (ritual water cleansing before burial).
  •  C. The moment of death is not clear.
10. Which of the following is a Biblical prohibition?
  • A. It is forbidden to desecrate a corpse.
  •  B. It is forbidden to delay burial of a corpse.
  • C. It is forbidden to benefit from a corpse.
  • D. All of the above.
11. Which statement is not accurate?
   When a person is brain dead, the heart is still beating because:
  • A. It gets oxygenated blood, with the help of the ventilator
  •  B. The heart beats on its own and is not dependent on the brain
  •  C. The person is still alive
12. The electric impulse for the heart to beat comes from the:
  • A. The brain
  • B. A biological pacemaker found in the walls of the heart
  • C. Both a and b
13. What statement is true regarding the difference between brain death and coma?
  •  A. One might wake up from a coma.
  • B. A coma indicates that the Cortex is not working but the brain-stem is.
  • C. Brain death is considered death in both American and Israeli law.
  • D. All of the above.
14. Which statement is true regarding brain-stem death?
  • A. No one in the history of modern medicine has ever woken up from brain-stem death.
  •  B. There is a great rabbinic debate in Jewish law whether or not brain-stem death is considered death.
  •  C. With the onset of brain-stem death, the process of brain cell liquefaction (lysis) begins.
  •  D. All of the above.
15. What is the opinion of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel regarding brain-stem death (BSD)?
  • A. The Chief Rabbinate unanimously rejected BSD as death in Jewish law in 1986.
  •  B. The Chief Rabbinate unanimously accepted BSD as death in Jewish law in 1986.
  • C. The Chief Rabbinate has yet to rule on the status of BSD.
16. Saving a life is so important in Judaism, that a Jew must violate how many of 613 commandments in order to save a life?
  •  A. 613
  •  B. 610
  •  C. 365
  •  D. 248
17. The two major Jewish sources that enlighten us about the moment of death are:
  • A. Talmud, Tractate Yoma 85a
  •  B. Mishnayot Ohalot Chapter 1; Mishna 6
  •  C. Old Farmers' Almanac
  • D. A and B
18. It would be proper to state which of the following?
  •  A. "He was kept alive until the hospital could receive consent from the family to recover organs."
  •  B. "He died but his organs were kept alive, or viable, until they could receive consent from the family to recover the organs."
  •  C. A and B
19. Which statement, or statements, is (are) true concerning the differences between the words 'organ' and 'organism'?
  • A. An 'Organ' refers to a discrete grouping of tissues in a distinct structure, such as a heart or kidney, that performs a specialized task.
  • B. An 'Organism' is a life form composed of mutually interdependent parts that maintain various vital processes.
  • C. An Organism (human being) can be dead, while an organ can be kept alive.
  • D. All of the above.